08-02-24 ictadmin 0 comment

Obesity and underweight are two ends of the spectrum when it comes to the weight of the human body and they represent imbalances in the relationship between calorie intake and expenditure, both posing significant health challenges to the body. Obesity is the state of excess accumulation of fat in the human body which will cause adverse effects to the health of the human body. It can also be traditionally defined as an excess of body weight for height, people who are obese have a BMI (Body Mass Index) of 30 and above. Whereas, underweight is the state of the human body which the weight is below the health weight range which is 18.5kg/m2 to 2.9kg/m2.


At first, when people see an obese person, they think to themselves “oh, this person eats a lot”, which may be the case but not always. Obesity is primarily caused by an imbalance between calories consumed and calories extended. It can also be caused by the persons diet, lack of physical activity and genetics. The effects of obesity on the human body can lead to a lot of health risks like stroke, sleep apnea, High Blood Pressure (HBP), Alzheimer disease, etc. An obese person can reduce the risk of these illnesses on their body by cutting calories, avoiding processed food, increasing physical activity, meal replacements, limit artificial sweetness, etc.


Underweight is primarily caused by insufficient calorie and nutrient intake but it can also be caused by underlying health issues like thyroid disorders or gastrointestinal problems, genetic factors can influence metabolism and body composition. It can lead to various health risks like a weakened immune system, deficiency in essential vitamins and minerals, reproductive issue and many more. One can reduce the risk of these on their health by starting a nutrient-rich diet (eating nutrient-dense foods) to promote healthy weight gain, providing emotional and psychological support body image.


In summary, obesity and underweight show distinct challenges to individuals’ health and well-being. Both conditions are influenced by a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. It is important to promote awareness, education and interventions that encourage a balanced approach to weight management, emphasizing healthy eating habits, regular physical activity and overall well-being striking a balance between weight extremes for achieving optimal health and preventing the associated risks.









Eseohe Michelle Opeyemi ODIGIE

Class of 2025

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